What Is AI?

If you’ve ever seen the Terminator films, you’ll know that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is all about creating robots that will one day travel back in time to kill us. What’s more, these machines will look like Arnold Schwarzenegger – and have memorable catchphrases, such as, “I’ll be back!” or “Hasta la vista, baby!”

Okay, that’s how AI is portrayed in the famous movies, but what is the reality of it? And what could it look like in the future?

This blog from Blue Whale Media, the web design company Manchester, answers those questions. So let’s start with the first one…

What Is The Reality Of AI?

To address this area, we really need to explain AI. But that’s tricky, because opinions differ on the definition of AI. The early founders of the concept, John McCarthy and Marvin Minksy, said in the Fifties that AI was any task carried out by a program or a machine that would require intelligence if a human were to execute the same task.

Like many others, we feel at our website design Manchester agency that this particular definition is pretty broad and open to interpretation. So it’s no wonder that AI has been divided into two different categories: Narrow AI and General AI.

What Is Narrow AI?

This is also known as “weak AI”. But that doesn’t mean that it isn’t powerful. In fact, Narrow AI is all around us – in computers that can learn tasks without being explicitly programmed to carry out the task in question. You can see this in voice recognition systems such as Siri, for instance, or in programs that make recommendations to you based on your previous purchases.

At our web design company Manchester we also know that it’s a growing area – that has massive potential to affect jobs in the future. So, Narrow AI may be used at some point to analyse videos feeds from drones; or book us a hair appointment, for instance. It may also help radiologists spot potential tumours in X rays, or alert authorities to the existence of inappropriate online content.

What Is General AI?

This is more akin to human intelligence and learning. It’s flexible and able to carry out a variety of tasks. But at the moment, it doesn’t exist. It’s effectively a theoretical area and AI experts have debates about when it will arrive.

So, having stated that – at our web design company Manchester, we feel it’s time to address the final question, which is tackled below.

But first, we should mention that there are subtle differences in terminology attached to AI – such as machine learning and deep learning. The former focuses on the science of getting computers to act without being programmed; while the latter is a way of executing machine learning and it’s inspired by the structure of neurons in our brains.

So What Will AI Look Like In The Future?

Here’s where the idea of Terminator-style robots who can think for themselves may come into existence. But hopefully they won’t try to terminate us! There’s a 50 percent chance that General AI could be developed between 2040 and 2050. And there’s a 90 percent chance it will be with us by 2075. That’s according to a report published by AI researcher Vincent C Müller and philosopher Nick Bostrom.

What’s more, the report predicted the arrival of “superintelligence” in the future. This is defined as “any intellect that greatly exceeds the cognitive performance of humans in virtually all domains of interest”.

Contact Our Website Design Manchester Agency

As you can probably tell, we love everything related to technology here at Blue Whale Media, the web design company Manchester. Contact us today for all your website or content creation queries. We promise we won’t say “Hasta la vista” to you.